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Explanation of Terms and Calculations Provided Above

Explanation of Terms and Calculations

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio
This ratio is calculated by dividing the current Price by the sum of the Diluted Earnings Per Share before non-recurring items over the last four quarters
P/E High -Last 5 Years
This is the highest value that the P/E ratio has hit over the last five years
P/E Low - Last 5 Years
This is the lowest value that the P/E ratio has hit over the last five years
Beta
This is a measure of volatility compared to the S&P 500 over the last 3 years. A beta greater than one indicates the stock is more volatile than the market. Less than one indicates the stock is less volatile than the market
Price to Sales
This is the current Price divided by the Sales Per Share for the trailing twelve months. If there is a preliminary earnings announcement for an interim period that has recently ended, the revenue (sales) values from this announcement will be used in calculating the trailing twelve month revenue per share
Price to Book
This is the current Price divided by the latest interim period Book Value Per Share
Price to Cash Flow
This is the current Price divided by Operating Cash Flow Per Share for the trailing twelve months. Cash Flow is defined as Cash Flow from Operations from the cash flow statement
Price to Free Cash Flow
This is the current Price divided by Operating Cash Flow Per Share, after subtracting Net Capital Expenses, for the trailing twelve months
% Owned Institutions
This is the percentage of shares outstanding owned by Wall Street institutions as outlined in their quarterly SEC 13F reports
Dividends
Dividend Yield
This is the Indicated Annual Dividend per Share divided by the most recent monthly Price per Share, times 100. It is expressed as a percentage
Dividend Yield - 5 Year Avg.
This is the average Dividend Yield over the most recent five years
Dividend Yield Year Growth Rate
This is the annual growth rate in dividends per share
Payout Ratio
This is the percenta of Net Income paid out in dividends over the last year
Growth Rates (%)
Sales (MRQ) vs Qtr 1 Yr Ago
This is the percentage difference between the most recent quarterly sales and the same figure for the same quarter last year
Sales (TTM) vs TTM 1 Yr Ago
This is the percentage difference between the most recent trailing twelve month sales and the same figure ending the same quarter last year
Sales - 5 Yr. Growth Rate
This is the annual compounded growth rate of Revenues over the last 5 years
EPS (MRQ) vs Qtr. 1 Yr. Ago
This is the percentage difference between the most recent quarterly EPS before non-recurring items and the same figure for the same quarter last year
EPS (TTM) vs TTM 1 Yr. Ago
This is the percentage difference between the most recent trailing twelve month EPS before non-recurring items and the same figure ending the same quarter last year
EPS - 5 Yr. Growth Rate
This growth rate is the compound annual growth rate of EPS before non-recurring items over the last 5 years
Capital Spending - 5 Yr. Growth Rate
This growth rate is the compound annual growth rate of Net Capital Spending over the last 5 years
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio (MRQ)
The Quick Ratio, also known as the Acid Test Ratio, is defined as Total Current Assets minus Total Inventory for the most recent interim period divided by Total Current Liabilities for the same period
Current Ratio (MRQ)
This is the ratio of Total Current Assets for the most recent interim period divided by Total Current Liabilities for the same period
LT Debt to Equity (MRQ)
This ratio is the Total Long Term Debt for the most recent interim period divided by Total Shareholder Equity for the same period
Total Debt to Equity (MRQ)
This ratio is Total Debt for the most recent interim period divided by Total Shareholder Equity for the same period
Interest Coverage (TTM)
This ratio measures the ability to cover interest payments with operating income. It is calculated as Pre-tax Income plus Interest Expense divided by Interest Expense
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin (TTM)
This value measures the percent of revenue left after paying all direct production expenses. It is calculated as the trailing 12 months Total Revenue minus the trailing 12 months Cost of Goods Sold divided by the trailing 12 months Total Revenue and multiplied by 100
Gross Margin - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average gross margin over the last five years
EBITD Margin (TTM)
This value measures percent of revenue left over after subtracting all expenses except for interest and income tax
EBITD Margin - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average EBITD margin over the last five years
Operating Margin (TTM)
This value measures the percent of revenues remaining after paying all operating expenses. It is calculated as the trailing 12 months Operating Income divided by the trailing 12 months Total Revenue, multiplied by 100. Operating Income is defined as Total Revenue minus Total Operating Expenses
Operating Margin - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average operating margin over the last five years
Pre-Tax Margin (TTM)
This value measures the percent of revenues remaining after paying all operating and non-operating expenses prior to paying income taxers. It is calculated as the trailing 12 months Pre-Tax Income divided by the trailing 12 months Total Revenue, multiplied by 100
Pre-Tax Margin - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average pre-tax margin over the last five years
Net Profit Margin (TTM)
Also known as Return on Sales, this value is the Net Income for the trailing twelve months divided by Total Revenue for the same period and is expressed as a percentage
Net Profit Margin - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average net profit margin over the last five years
Effective Tax Rate(TTM)
This is calculated by dividing the provision for income taxes over the last 12 months by the pre-tax income for the same period
Effective Tax Rate - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average net effective tax rate over the last five years
Management Effectiveness (%)
Return on Assets (TTM)
This value is the Net Income Before Non-recurring Items for the trailing twelve months divided by the Average Total Assets, expressed as a percentage
Return on Assets - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average percentage Return on Assets over the last 5 years
Return on Investment (TTM)
This value is the trailing twelve month Net Income Before Non-recurring Items divided by the average Total Long Term Debt, Other Long Term Liabilities and Shareholders Equity, expressed as a percentage
Return on Investment - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average percentage Return on Investment over the last 5 years
Return on Equity (TTM)
This value is the Net Income Before Non-recurring Items for the trailing twelve months divided by the Average Common Equity and is expressed as a percentage
Return on Equity - 5 Yr. Avg.
This is the average percentage Return on Equity over the last 5 years
Efficiency
Revenue/Employee (TTM)
This value is calculated by dividing Net Revenue over the last twelve months in millions by the number of employees
Net Income/Employee (TTM)
This value is calculated by dividing Net Income over the last twelve months in millions by the number of employees
Receivable Turnover (TTM)
This value is calculated as the Total Revenues for the trailing twelve months divided by the Average Accounts Receivable. It measures how quickly the company is able to collect receivables from customers
Inventory Turnover (TTM)
This value measures how quickly the Inventory is sold. It is defined as Cost of Goods Sold for the trailing twelve months divided by Average Inventory
Asset Turnover (TTM)
This value is calculated as the Total Revenues for the trailing twelve months divided by the Average Total Assets

All data above provided by Zacks.
“FOR INFORMATION ONLY - A third-party content provider supplies the data above to the Lancaster Colony web site. Users of the data assume the entire risk as to the results, performance and any interpretation of the data.”

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